To introduce any ideas, you didn't get to yet.
No, nobody voted for that one. So that's awesome. It's kind of what we think of as a real taboo in the community to bring up new ideas in your thesis statements. It's okay to leave the reader with a final thought or something that relates directly back to the argument that you were making. But bringing up new evidence or new main ideas, main points, new topics, supporting topics within an argument is not appropriate within a conclusion section.
To remind the reader of your main ideas. Yeah, that's another purpose, another thing that the conclusion is meant to accomplish. Touch on some of those main ideas to remind the reader where this essay has gone. You guys are pretty much on top of that. Well done! Audio: Without a conclusion, yeah, without a conclusion, your essay just doesn't really have a coherent end.
Okay, I skipped over the bottom section here. They just get the idea that you're currently done, right?
I'm done with this now, so this is over. You don't want your reader to be thinking that there are perhaps loose ends that you didn't talk about. A strong conclusion section really gives the reader, again, this feeling of completion that this author has discussed this idea fully. They fully supported their argument and persuaded me even perhaps to see things the way that they do. Yeah, it can provide this kind of book end to use our example from the beginning.
Without a conclusion, the readers may feel lost, confused, or why they spent all this time reading your paper. I really hope that the reader doesn't think that about my writing when they're done. You know, like why did I even read this? So, including a conclusion can help you contextualize this and give the reader kind of a strong idea of why this is important to read. Audio: So, when creating closure, you want to avoid new information or this kind of blueprint.
So, the step-by-step thing we talked about in the introduction. Yeah, new information should be something, new supporting ideas should be brought up in the body of your essay. That's the place for your supporting points. But by the time you reach the conclusion, you should have reached your supporting points fully.
And lastly is leaving the reader with the "So what" thought or last thought for them to take away. You want to use synthesis rather than summary. Rather than summarizing the main points of your piece or just mentioning them briefly, you can talk about how they work with one another. How maybe one main point leads into one another. And this is a good place to provide local transition as well to, again, show relationships between these main ideas. Now, you want to show relationships between your main ideas in the body of your piece as well, but you can kind of do this in miniature in the conclusion.
In this paper, I discussed how informatics is an important part of nursing. I included information from peer-reviewed sources and noted how informatics will impact my field and organization. I concluded with some of the trade-offs of implementing informatics. Audio: Yeah, so, again, we want to avoid this blueprint format. This sounds like a robot wrote it.
This doesn't have real synthesis or human application. Yeah, human element in it. So, you want to avoid doing this kind of blueprint format as we've discussed with introductions as well. Audio : In the opposite way that an introduction starts broad and leads you more narrow. A conclusion and ending should start narrow and lead out more broadly. So, you can start by restating or paraphrasing your thesis statement.
Examples of Informative Essays
I think paraphrasing is the best way to say that. You don't want to restate your thesis verbatim word-for-word.
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You want to paraphrase that and say it a little bit different way. Again, reiterating your point showing synthesis between your main ideas and lastly, talking very broadly about some of the implications to social change or future research. For those who read a lot of academic writing, you'll notice in a lot of conclusion sections that you encounter, they will say, they show the reader opportunities for future research.
It's appropriate to do that in your writing as well. That's how your argument can be applied more broadly to the world around you. Not sure where to start? Start by revisiting your thesis. You might then try reverse outline where you go and look at each body paragraph and pick out the main idea. That will give you an idea of some of the main ideas you've been discussing if that's not something that's not really clear to you and lastly, think about a takeaway.
Something to leave the reader with.
How to Write a Good Conclusion Paragraph
Audio: You want to tie back your introduction and thesis. So, I've mentioned this before in this webinar. But a strong piece of writing has almost a circular feel to it. And by that, I mean that you kind of end where you started. You start with your thesis statement and you come all the way around telling the reader your main points and why you think this is a strong argument or the most logical argument in this topic area.
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And then in your conclusion, you end with just kind of paraphrase of your thesis statement, reminding the reader what you were arguing. This goes a long way to give the reader a sense of completion to your writing. You want to reiterate your overall argument.
As I kind of said there, why did you write this argument? Why is this topic important? You want to remind the reader how you proved that argument. Studies, theories, experience, data, evidence of all kinds. Again, touching on some of these main points that you show the reader in the body of your essay.
Audio: Practical notes here. In terms of length for a course paper, again, it should be about one paragraph. If your introduction is one paragraph, you know, your conclusion should probably be one paragraph. These are kind of corresponding elements. Now, this isn't a perfect system, right?
Analytical Essay Conclusion Examples
This isn't a perfect way to think about this. But in general, your introduction and your conclusion should be of similar lengths. In a longer more complex essay, yeah, it's certainly appropriate to have several paragraphs. A good way to think about this is if you have headings and subheadings within a document that's a lengthy document, these headings would be good places perhaps to split up your introduction and your conclusion along these lines.
But, again, this takes your own authorial agency, your own subjectivity to determine whether this is a good move or not. In transitioning to a conclusion, you want to use a level one heading to tell the reader that this is a summary or conclusion or a discussion at the end. This is something you're familiar with as you researched in academic writing. Often times it will label a conclusion, a conclusion section or a summary section. And it's appropriate to do it in your writing also. And you want to follow the same writing rule as your introduction. Avoid passive voice.
These rhetorical questions. Incorrect verb tense. So, all of these general APA guidelines listed here that apply to your piece as a whole also apply to your conclusion.
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